As an archipelagic country with approximately more than 13000 verified islands, Indonesia is surrounded by coral reefs that constitute around 10 % of global coral reefs. Realizing the benefits of coral reefs are enormous while taking part in ecosystem conservation for better global environment, government of Indonesia - represented by the Research Center for Oceanography (RCO) and National Planning Agency – proposed COREMAP (Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Program) in 1992 which is aimed ultimately to manage the coral reefs professionally, so that both of the ecosystem and benefits will be sustainable.
COREMAP is divided into three phases, including initiation (1998 – 2004), decentralization and acceleration (2004 – 2009) and institutional strengthening (2014 – 2022). The first phase was aimed to develop the basic framework of coral reef management in prioritized areas, Riau Islands, Sikka, Selayar, Biak, Ambon and Kupang. In this phase, COREMAP had formulated a national policy and strategy regarding coral reef management to the central government (the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries) as well as 19 drafts of legislations and regulations. The implementations on the prioritized areas was under supervision of “pokja’ in coordination with the local development planning agencies (BAPPEDA).
COREMAP phase II, aimed to develop the management system of coral reefs on local governments, had engaged more participants on the local areas to participate actively in preserving corals reefs. One of the efforts was involving local teachers by providing them training to improve their knowledge and awareness about coral reefs and publishing coral reef books for their pupils. During this phase, COREMAP was expanding the project locations, including Selayar, Pangkep, Buton, Raja Ampat, Batam, Bintan, Natuna, Nias, Tapteng and Mentawai. Furthermore, coordination, monitoring, evaluation and trainings were more intense during this phase.
In the last phase, local and provincial government, universities and NGOs are expected to be independent and able to manage properly their coastal areas to ensure the sustainability of the ecosystems and the benefits to societies. In this phase, the object is not only the coral reefs but also the associated ecosystems and climate change. National standards for monitoring the ecosystems have been created and expected to be applied by the local agencies. A national data center for coastal ecosystems has also been established as well as the certification agency which is vital to certify the trained persons in doing monitoring and data management. Networking is also being improved through workshops and research collaboration so that by the end of this phase, the local agencies are very competent in managing their coastal ecosystems.
This website is a part of COREMAP legacy which is aimed to continue what we have been improving while trying to connect to more people, therefore, their awareness and knowledge are improved and eventually they are willing to participate and contribute in preserving the ecosystems.